Freimann, Avraham Hayyim
- (1889-1948)Jurist and rabbinic scholar of Moravian origin. He served as magistrate at Koningsberg and county judge at Braunsberg. In 1944 he began lecturing on Jewish law at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. In 1947 he was appointed head of an advisory committee for Jewish law on personal status in the proposed Jewish state. He published studies of medieval rabbinics and Jewish law in modern Israel, and also wrote a work which deals with changes in Jewish marriage laws after the talmudic period.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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FREIMANN, ABRAHAM ḤAYYIM — (Alfred; 1889–1948), jurist and rabbinical scholar. Freimann, born in Holleschau (Holesov), Moravia, the son of jacob freimann , studied rabbinics with his father and law in Frankfurt on the Main and Marburg. He served as a magistrate at… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SHABBETAI ẒEVI — (1626–1676), the central figure of Shabbateanism, the messianic movement named after him. Background of the Movement Shabbateanism was the largest and most momentous messianic movement in Jewish history subsequent to the destruction of the Temple … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PRINTING, HEBREW — pre modern period The first mention of Jews in connection with printing is found in Avignon c. 1444 (before Gutenberg) when a Jew, Davin de Caderousse, studied the new craft. The first Hebrew books were printed at least within 35 years after the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CODIFICATION OF LAW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the concept and its prevalence in other legal systems in jewish law in the mishnah format and style of the mishnah the talmud and post talmudic halakhic literary forms variety of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TAKKANOT HA-KAHAL — (Heb. תַּקָּנוֹת הַקָּהָל). Legal Aspects THE CONCEPT The Takkanot ha Kahal embrace that part of legislation in Jewish law which is enacted by the public or its representatives in contradistinction to the takkanot enacted by a halakhic authority … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CAIRO — CAIRO, capital of egypt . The presence of Jews in Cairo can be traced to a very early date. Fustat (old Cairo) was founded in 641 by the Arab conqueror of Egypt, ʿAmr ibn al ʿÂṣ, near the Byzantine fortress Babylon. It is almost certain that Jews … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KRISPIN (Krespin), JOSHUA ABRAHAM — (d. 1855), rabbi of Smyrna. Krispin was the author of Avraham ba Maḥazeh (1869), sermons and eulogies delivered between 1793 and 1851; Va Yeshev Avraham (1893), responsa, and novellae on tractates of the Talmud in alphabetical order. This was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PRAYER BOOKS — Books containing the texts of the customary daily prayers did not exist in ancient times. Sources of tannaitic and amoraic times take it as understood that prayer is by heart (e.g., Ber. 5:3–5; RH 4:5–6; Ta an. 2:2). In public prayer the reader… … Encyclopedia of Judaism